Figure 4.1
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in patients with or without CKD, 2014
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in patients with or without CKD, 2014
Data Source: Special analyses, Medicare 5% sample. Abbreviations: AFIB, atrial fibrillation; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; CKD, chronic kidney disease; CVA/TIA, cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack; CVD, cardiovascular disease; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; SCA/VA, sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias; VHD, valvular heart disease; VTE/PE, venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism.

Cardiovascular comorbidities
Cardiovascular comorbidities

Figure 4.2
Survival of patients with a prevalent cardiovascular disease, by CKD status, 2013-2014
(a ) ASHD
ASHD
(b ) AMI
AMI
(c) CHF
CHF
(d) VHD
VHD
(e) CVA/TIA
CVA/TIA
(f) PAD
PAD
(g) AFIB
AFIB
(h) SCA / VA
SCA / VA
(i) VTE/PE
VTE/PE
Data Source: Special analyses, Medicare 5% sample. Patients aged 66 and older, alive, without end-stage renal disease, and residing in the United States on 12/31/2012, with fee-for-service coverage for the entire calendar year. Abbreviations: AFIB, atrial fibrillation; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; CKD, chronic kidney disease; CVA/TIA, cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; SCA/VA, sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias; VHD, valvular heart disease; VTE/PE venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism.

Figure 4.3
Survival of patients with a cardiovascular procedure, by CKD status, 2012-2014
(a ) PCI
PCI
(b ) CABG
CABG
(c) ICD / CRT / D
ICD / CRT / D
(d) CAS/CEA
CAS/CEA
Data Source: Special analyses, Medicare 5% sample. Patients aged 66 and older, alive, without end-stage renal disease, and residing in the United States on the index date, which is the date of the first condition/procedure claim, with fee-for-service coverage for the entire year prior to this date. Abbreviations: CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; CAS/CEA, carotid artery stenting and carotid endarterectomy; CKD, chronic kidney disease; ICD/CRT-D, implantable cardioverter defibrillators/cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator devices; PCI, percutaneous coronary interventions.

Figure 4.4
Heart failure in patients with or without CKD, 2014
Heart failure in patients with or without CKD, 2014
Data Source: Special analyses, Medicare 5% sample. Patients aged 66 and older, alive, without end-stage renal disease, and residing in the United States on 12/31/2014 with fee-for-service coverage for the entire calendar year. Abbreviation: CKD, chronic kidney disease.

Figure 4.5
Adjusted survival of patients by CKD and CHF status, 2013-2014
Adjusted survival of patients by CKD and CHF status, 2013-2014
Data Source: Special analyses, Medicare 5% sample. Patients aged 66 and older, alive, without end-stage renal disease, and residing in the United States on 12/31/2012 with fee-for-service coverage for the entire calendar year. Survival is adjusted for age, sex, race, diabetic status, and hypertension status. Abbreviations: CKD, chronic kidney disease; CHF, congestive heart failure.

Prevalence of AFIB by stage of CKD, age, race, sex, diabetic status, hypertension status, and CHF status, 2014