Figure 9.1
Causes of death in ESRD patients, 2012-2014
(a) Denominator excludes missing/unknown causes of death
Denominator excludes missing/unknown causes of death
(b) Denominator includes missing/unknown causes of death
Denominator includes missing/unknown causes of death
Data Source: Special analysis using Reference Table H12. (a) Denominator includes other causes of death and excludes missing/unknown causes of death (24.7% of patients have unknown or missing causes of death). (b) Denominator includes other known causes, unknown causes of death, and records that are missing the cause of death. Unknown causes include records from the CMS 2746 ESRD death notification form that specifically designate an unknown cause of death. Missing includes records in the ESRD database that are missing the CMS 2746, or have the form but are missing or have recording errors in the primary cause of death field. Abbreviations: ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; CHF, congestive heart failure; CVA, cerebrovascular accident.

Figure 9.2
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in adult ESRD patients, by treatment modality, 2014
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in adult ESRD patients, by treatment modality, 2014
Data Source: Special analyses, USRDS ESRD Database. Point prevalent hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and transplant patients aged 22 and older, with Medicare as primary payer on January 1, 2014, who are continuously enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B from January, 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013,and ESRD service date is at least 90 days prior to January 1, 2014. Abbreviations: AFIB, atrial fibrillation; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; CVA/TIA, cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack; CVD, cardiovascular disease; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; SCA/VA, sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias; VHD, valvular heart disease; VTE/PE, venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism.

Figure 9.3
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in adult ESRD patients, by age, 2014
Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in adult ESRD patients, by age, 2014
Data Source: Special analyses, USRDS ESRD Database. Point prevalent hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and transplant patients aged 22 and older, with Medicare as primary payer on January 1, 2014, who are continuously enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B from January, 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013,and ESRD service date is at least 90 days prior to January 1, 2014. Abbreviations: AFIB, atrial fibrillation; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; CVA/TIA, cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack; CVD, cardiovascular disease; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; SCA/VA, sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias; VHD, valvular heart disease; VTE/PE, venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism.

Cardiovascular comorbidities
Cardiovascular procedures

Figure 9.4
Probability of survival of adult ESRD patients with or without a cardiovascular disease or undergoing a cardiovascular procedure, adjusted for age and sex, 2013-2014
(a) ASHD
ASHD
(b) AMI
AMI
(c) CHF
CHF
(d) VHD
VHD
(e) CVA/TIA
CVA/TIA
(f) PAD
PAD
(g) AFIB
AFIB
(h) SCA/VA
SCA/VA
(i) VTE/PE
VTE/PE
(j) PCI
PCI
(k) CABG
CABG
(l) ICD/CRT/D
ICD/CRT/D
(m) CAS/CEA
CAS/CEA
Data Source: Special analyses, USRDS ESRD Database. Point prevalent hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and transplant patients aged 22 and older, with Medicare as primary payer on January 1, 2012, who are continuously enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B from January, 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011, and whose first ESRD service date is at least 90 days prior to January 1, 2012, and survived past 2012. Abbreviations: AFIB, atrial fibrillation; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; ASHD, atherosclerotic heart disease; CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; CAS/CEA, carotid artery stunting and carotid artery endarterectomy; CHF, congestive heart failure; CVA/TIA, cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack; ICD/CRT-D, implantable cardioverter defibrillators/cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator devices; PAD, peripheral arterial disease; PCI, percutaneous coronary interventions; SCA/VA, sudden cardiac arrest and ventricular arrhythmias; VHD, valvular heart disease; VTE/PE, venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism.

Figure 9.5
Heart failure in adult ESRD patients by modality, 2014
Heart failure in adult ESRD patients by modality, 2014
Data Source: Special analyses, USRDS ESRD Database. Point prevalent hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients aged 22 and older, with Medicare as primary payer on January 1, 2014, who are continuously enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B from January, 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013,and ESRD service date is at least 90 days prior to January 1, 2014. Abbreviations: HD, hemodialysis; PD, peritoneal dialysis.